The effects of the exxon valdez oil spill

Oil Spill Cleanup In the months after the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Exxon employees, federal responders and more than 11, Alaska residents worked to clean up the oil spill. Please register and enjoy the live webinar. Fishermen went bankrupt, and the economies of small shoreline towns, including Valdez and Cordova, suffered in the following years.

Birds The effects of the exxon valdez oil spill down by the heavy oil were unable to fly. Wild life was the next worst hit after the marine life.

Exxon sold the infamous tanker in to a Hong Kong-based shipping company. Moreover, millions of young fishes that hatched into the sea were all killed because of the polluted environment.

The spill had killed an estimated 40 percent of all sea otters living in the Sound. As many as 2, sea otters, harbor seals, bald eagles andseabirds died in the days following the disaster Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Facts. Sad Statistics According to the National Wildlife Federation, the death toll of individual species of native Alaskan wildlife is still being tallied as of The location was only accessible by plane, helicopter, or boat, which severely strained the existing government plans for response.

Environmental officials purposefully left some areas of shoreline untreated so they could study the effect of cleanup measures, some of which were unproven at the time.

The single-hulled ship could no longer transport oil in U. To the fishermen, landowners, and the environmentalists, dumping more chemicals on top of the water and coastal areas was just too risky.

According to a booklet published by the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, called the Shoreline Treatment Techniques published in Fate of Exxon Valdez The ship, Exxon Valdez—first commissioned in —was repaired and returned to service a year after the spill in a different ocean and under a different name.

Almost sea otters, harbor seals, andbirds died in the days that followed the incident. The thick oil layer at the top destroyed this phytoplankton and thus the main food source for the fishes. In addition, the work applies to other areas of environmental remediation.

They later found that aggressive washing with high-pressure, hot water hoses was effective in removing oil, but did even more ecological damage by killing the remaining plants and animals in the process.

Moreover, the thick layer of oil on the surface disrupted the whole marine life beneath it. The Oil Pollution Act of increased penalties for companies responsible for oil spills and required that all oil tankers in United States waters have a double hull. In the days immediately following the spill -- which, at the time was the worst in U.

Some 2, sea otters, harbor seals and aboutseabirds died in the days immediately following the spill.

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill and the Environmental Effects

The remote location of the Prince William Sound made it difficult for government and industry efforts to access the area. The findings should inform the development of better ways to assess the ecological risks of large-scale oil spills, the scientists say.

During the early stages, trial explosions to burn the spilled oil were also conducted, on oil isolated from the rest, and it was relatively successful. Exxon Valdez oil spill The full effect of the oil spill at the Prince William Sounds is still unknown.

There was a growing concern about the toxicity of the dispersant Corexitwhich was considered but not tried near the coastal areas. The scientific data of the toxicity of this chemical were either incomplete or thin. Salmon, for example, had increased mortality for four years after the spill because incubating eggs had come into contact with it.

After passing all the major icebergs and dangerous areas, the Captain of the ship handed the controls to the third mate and the able seaman. The life style of the people of the region completely changed. The oil spill left behind ravaging effects on the environment, some of which are still seen today.

Whales are killed when they eat fish covered in oil or when their blowholes are plugged with oil, making it impossible for them to breathe. Captain Joseph Hazelwood, who was in command of the ship, was allegedly drunk and was sleeping in his bunk when the ship struck the reef.

The oil remains toxic to these animals. As our next huddle guest, we will have Dr. The cleanup took nearly four years, between the spring of to the summer of It killed an estimatedsea birds, 3, otters, seals, bald eagles and 22 killer whales.

A study found oil contamination remaining at more than half of the 91 beach sites tested in Prince William Sound. Twenty Years After In -- two decades after the oil spill -- the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported that 21, gallons of crude oil still pollutes the ecosystem within a mile radius -- and the oil continues to kill animals within its sphere.

Bush signed into law that year. These rules have been ratified by member countries of the organization.The Exxon-Valdez oil spill of March 24,had long-lasting effects on Alaska's environment, animals and way of life.

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

At the time of the spill, hundreds of volunteers stepped forward to clean up seabirds and other animals drenched in oil. Their work helped a modest number of. The ill-effects of Exxon Valdez Oil Spill were not only for the marine creatures but also for the people residing in the adjacent areas of Prince William Sound.

One of the immediate short-term effects of the casualty caused by the Exxon Valdez was the impact on recreational fishing which was carried out in the Prince William Sound.

On March 24,the Exxon Valdez ran aground in northern Prince William Sound, spilling 42 million liters of crude oil and contaminating 1, kilometers of shoreline. Some 2, sea otters. The Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred when an oil tanker crashed onto the shore of Prince William Sound in Alaska on March 24, It contaminated 1, miles of coastline withbarrels or 11 million gallons of oil.

Direct contact with the oil slick killed at least bald eagles, Exxon Valdez carrying millions of gallons of crude oil accidentally dumps its contents into the sea causing far reaching long term environmental impacts.

Mar 24,  · The Exxon Valdez oil spill was a manmade disaster that occurred when Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker owned by the Exxon Shipping Company, spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil .

The effects of the exxon valdez oil spill
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