Due to the rice crisis inthe Malaysia government has increased the rice stockpile from 92, Mt toMt, aims to ensure the adequate supply for the higher consumption for rice. In the absence of IPR and patenting, germplasm moved unrestrictedly and made contributions globally Chaudhary,which can no longer be tolerated.
Most of the Asian countries that had not signed had sizeable public research investments for technology generation, which was seen as government support to feed the people. The need for designing regional programmes of action to enhance and sustain rice production and to attain durable food security and environmental protection in the Asia-Pacific Region was also recommended by an earlier FAO Expert Consultation FAO, No global code of conduct is yet in sight.
Some of the diseases like blast, sheath blight, brown spot, narrow brown leaf spot, sheath rot and leaf scald are of economic significance in many rice growing countries of the world.
The success story of Bangladesh in becoming a self-sufficient country with stable yield by using Boro rice instead of deepwater rice is a case in point.
As a result, it has served as a host for a number of diseases and insect-pests, 54 in the temperate zone, and about in tropical countries. The scope of area expansion in some countries is offset by the reduction in rice lands in major rice producing countries.
Furthermore, Malaysia government aims to maintain or improve the rice production rate by upgrading the infrastructure of the existing planting areas. The over use or improper use of irrigation without drainage encouraged waterlogging, resulting in salinity build-up and other mineral toxicities.
The question turns more problematic when we think that production increases have to be realized annually using less land, less people, less water and less pesticides. Quality degradation is caused by the delay in the drying of harvested paddy which can adversely affect the yield and the productivity of rice mills.
The result is that only the old generation is staying with the rice farming, which has manifold implications. It was recommended that different countries should undertake systematic studies on the actual and potential downward yield trends deceleration, stagnation, and declinequantify these processes and delineate the affected areas as accurately as possible.
Proper technology backed by policy support and political will is needed for addressing these issues. The other is to increase the ability of the rice root system to fix its own N Table 4.
Water will become scarce and costly for agriculture Gleick, and the next war may be fought over water. There is no fair estimate available of the area under gsv gene but a rough guess is that in Asia alone it will be more than million ha. Under these pressures in China, the rice area declined from 37 million ha in to 31 million ha in The basic architecture of the plant has been redesigned to produce only productive tillers per plantto optimize the allocation of assimilates to the panicles 0.Rice straw is a fibrous by-product from rice production industry that has not been fully recognized and utilized as ruminant feed in Malaysia.
It is worth mentioning also that red or wild rice has become a major problem of rice production in Malaysia, the Central Plain in Thailand and the Mekong Delta in Vietnam where direct seeding has been increasingly practiced.
Malaysia has enhanced the production of rice in many ways to ensure food security and to meet the demand of population, but still there is many constraints involving rice industry.
Rice production faced many constraints and one of. Sustainability of rice production: A Malaysian perspective. SUSTAINABILITY OF RICE PRODUCTION: A MALAYSIAN of rice production in Malaysia. The Paddy Disease In Tropical Asia Biology Essay; There are two type of paddy planted in Malaysia which are wet rice, also known as paddy rice and upland rice.
value added but this statistic start to decline recently due to management problem relating to paddy cultivation and rice production (Lopez, (Unknown). One of the problems is. Rice Industry in Malaysia: Challenges, Policies and Implications (Dasar Agromakanan Negara, DAN) had highlighted that local rice production should be increased to ensure the country'sdemand in future.
However, to what extend this ensures food security in Malaysia was not supported empirically so far. The objective of this.Download