It was noticed that along the fault that there was a maximum vertical displacement of 1. The Great Hanshin earthquake began north of the island of Awaji, which lies just south of Kobe.
Wooden supports collapsed inside supposedly solid concrete pilings under the tracks of the Shinkansen high-speed rail line, causing the entire line to shut down.
The damage to highways and subways was the most graphic image of the earthquake, and images of the collapsed elevated Hanshin Expressway made front pages of newspapers worldwide. A total of 68 children under the age of 18 were orphaned, while additional children lost one parent.
Ironically, the most technological country in the world appeared to be less capable of rendering aid to Kobe citizens than a local Seven-Eleven. Some of these redevelopment project areas have been highly successful, with new housing being sold at a premium price.
The immediate effects of the earthquake include the collapse of buildings, bridges and roads due to the shaking of the crust.
In addition to the great amount of deaths, 30, people were injured,were homeless, andbuildings were damaged. Although the initial belief was construction had been negligent, it Kobe earthquake later shown that most of the collapsed structures were constructed properly according to the building codes in force in the s.
People were forced to not only wait in corridors of the hospital due to overcrowding, but some had to undergo operations and treatment in the corridors and waiting rooms as well.
The Japanese boasted on how they were much more prepared for earthquakes in comparison with the United States. Gas mains fractured, electricity cut off, many fires started. Its focus was only 16 km below ground. This earthquake registered as 7. Authorities were reluctant to accept aid from foreign countries with no other logical reasoning, except for the fear of appearing to be unable of being self-sufficient.
Newer homes have reinforced walls and lighter roofs to avoid this, but are more susceptible to typhoons. Fire, triggered by broken gas pipes and sparks from severed electrical cables, caused a huge amount of damage, destroying at least 7, wooden homes. During the second earthquake, the ground moved up to 50 centimetres horizontally and up to 1 metre vertically.
Repair and reconstruction needs far exceeded individual resources for rebuilding. This made the job of the emergency service very difficult Secondary effects: Before essential measures could go into effect, they had to be subjected to protracted procedures such as government licensing, which proved to be a frustrating technicality that made the relief efforts more challenging.
Many of the older, wooden houses completely collapsed. National funds covered construction costs for these kinds of public infrastructure, but not for housing reconstruction in these areas.
In actuality, people were fighting and looting which resulted in a temporary loss to legal order.
However, the newly completed artificial island supporting Kansai International Airport was not significantly affected, due to being further away from the epicenter and because it was built to the latest standards.
Immediately before the collapse of the Kashiwai building Ten spans of the Hanshin Expressway Route 43 in three locations in Kobe and Nishinomiya were knocked over, blocking a link that carried forty percent of Osaka-Kobe road traffic.
During this time the south side of the Nojima Fault moved 1. Both citizens and specialists lost trust in the expertise of the early warning systems and earthquake construction techniques.
The force of the earthquake was 7. Two key recovery tools used were land readjustment and urban redevelopment Land readjustment projects were established in heavily damaged areas where plans called for the shifting of property rights and boundaries to allow for future road widening projects, open spaces and other public facilities.
Earthquakes are quite common in Japan and happen because of the friction resulting from the two plates colliding along this destructive margin.Kobe Earthquake – Case Study Kobe Earthquake – Case Study In the early morning of January the 17th instruments in a lab in western Japan picked up a burst of intense electro-magnetic radiation.
It was the signature of a massive earthquake which had just struck the City of Kobe from its epicentre 20 kilometres to the south west. There was.
The Kobe Earthquake Essay Sample. This assessment is about the Kobe earthquake in Japan and the effects of it.
Kobe is on the island of Honshu in Japan. Outside Japan the earthquake is commonly known as the Kobe earthquake. In Japan, the disaster by this earthquake is officially called The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster (阪神・淡路大震災, Hanshin-Awaji Daishinsai), which is often shortened to The Great Hanshin Earthquake Disaster (阪神大震災, Hanshin Daishinsai).
Kobe Earthquake – Case Study Kobe Earthquake – Case Study In the early morning of January the 17th instruments in a lab in western Japan picked up a burst of intense electro-magnetic radiation.
Kobe Earthquake, Japan Essay Sample. Japan is positioned on the margin of the Eurasian Plate. Where these plates meet it is known as a subduction zone, where effectively one plate slides under the other. Kobe Earthquake An earthquake occurred on January 17th,at am in the south-central part of Japan.
This earthquake registered as 7. 2 on the Richter scale and caused mass destruction.Download