Unlike Buddhist missionaries who primarily utilized gateway roads to Southeast Asia and westward to some parts of the Mediterranean, most Christian seminaries of the Classical period typically stuck along roads and sea routes that connected the Mediterranean basin to the Roman Empire and beyond.
The common dynamic and chronology shared by Christianity and spreading Buddhism suggest a similar process at work, as ordinary people sought a well-organized spiritual outlet different from traditional animism, more focused on otherworldly salvation.
Early Buddhists lived very ascetically, through living in monastaries. He inspired monks to compose religious texts and constructed great monuments to the religion.
Obviously also, each religion had its own flavor; the idea of common process must not be exaggerated. Even with all these similarities in the diffusion of the religions there are some important differences that cannot be left out.
Christianity, on the other hand, was not as appreciated by officials from the Roman and Hellenic Empires — Polytheism was already prominent in the Roman empire during Fax Roman Roman peace during the 1st and 2nd centuries CEand the introduction of a monotheistic religion would be expected to bring about inflicting ideas between the imperials and their fraction of Christian subjects.
Despite the simple lifestyles these religions started out with, through time you see them change to fit the lifestyles of different classes. While Christian missionaries traverse long the silk roads to the west and sea routes in the Mediterranean basin, Buddhist merchants utilized the monsoon system of the Indian Ocean and also the eastern branches of the Silk Road to spread their faith.
The idea developed also that Buddhist holy men, or bodhisattvas, built up spiritual merits such that their prayers, even after death, could aid people and allow them to achieve some reflected holiness.
Certainly, Christianity sought some changes in classical culture, including greater emphasis on sexual restraint, beyond its central religious message. It carried philosophies, ideas, and moral beliefs. Trade and diffusion of artistic styles linked the Mediterranean world to the Middle East and India.
Christianity showed an ability to win a growing minority in the Roman Empire and at a few points beyond its borders, in the Middle East and North Africa. Trade routes, merchants, and missionaries are largely responsible for the spread of religion.
Francis Xavier arrived in the East. Not surprisingly, Christianity, like Buddhism, produced an important monastic movement, in which especially holy individuals grouped to live a spiritual life and serve their religion through their sanctity.
More in-depth, Christianity called for people to place their faith in front of personal and family interests, much like Buddhism which encouraged people to hold back desire for peace and a calm, tranquil lifestyle.
Previously, most religion had been regional. Well-organized temples, with priests and rituals, also helped bring religious solace to ordinary people in East Asia. The Benedictine Rule, which soon spread to many other monasteries and convents, urged a disciplined life with prayer and spiritual excitement alternating with hard work in agriculture and in study.
The spread of Buddhism, on the other hand, generally relied on merchants who traveled along the central Asian silk roads to various trading centers — notably Mere, Babushka, Samaritan, and Karakas, just to name a few.
Buddhism and Christianity both had appeal. With Islam added, the roster of world religions was essentially complete.
Despite the important diversity among these great religions, which included fierce mutual hatreds, particularly between Christian and Muslim, the overall development suggests that important basic currents could run through the civilized world, crossing political and cultural borders.
In the eastern Mediterranean, where imperial rule remained strong, state control of the church became a way of life.
Buddhism and Christianity Reports of Buddhist practices started to arrive in Western Europe by the 13th century, and were followed by trips by Christian missionaries such as John of Montecorvino and reports began to arrive in the 16th century as missionaries such as St.
The same political decline encouraged people to turn to more spiritual institutions and rewards. During the two centuries before the birth of Christ many insurgent Jews had preached the coming of a Messiah, or savior, who would bring a Last Judgment on humankind.
Thundy has surveyed the similarities and differences between the birth stories of Buddha by Maya and Jesus by Mary and notes that while there are similarities such as virgin birth, there are also differences, e.
More Essay Examples on Christianity Rubric To start off, both of these religions were Monastic meaning that they had monks, nuns, and others living under religious vows.
Politics, economy, as well as the religion itself are factors for the success of diversion. Among these, was Buddhism. You can also note political advocation for Buddhism from Ashoka as an example of the entertwining of politics and religion.
More than any of the forms of Buddhism, it came to place great emphasis on church organization and structure, copying the example of the Roman Empire. Contacts among the societies through trade and travel also provided common bonds. With that said, beginning at about the middle of the 1st century CE, Christianity primarily spread through trade routes from influential missionaries, such as Paul of Tarsus, who sought converts from non-Jewish communities in the Hellenic world and within the Roman Empire.
If God is all-powerful, can mere human beings have free will? But the new religion never became the creature of the upper classes alone, as its popular message of ritual and salvation continued to draw the poor.
Despite different ideas, the new religions also tended to promote more abstract scholarship than animistic religions had done, as part of defining a less tangible but more orderly divine presence.Development And Spread Of World Religions End Of The Classical Era Author: Stearns, Peter Christianity And Buddhism Compared As during the period of chaos in China, Rome's decline brought vital new common bonds.
Chinese travelers learned of Buddhism through trading expeditions to India. Trade and diffusion of artistic styles. Cultural Diffusion of Christianity How does it occur?
What is it? Cultural diffusion is the spread of ideas, beliefs, or traits from their place of origin to other regions, groups, or nations. During this time Nero was the Roman emperor, and he declared that anyone who preached or practiced Christianity was committing heresy and were to be.
3 Religion: Origins and Diffusion Cultural Geography A Geography of Religion For many people, religion, more than any other cultural trait, defines who they are and how they understand the Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism are the major world universalizing religions; Church peaked during the Middle Ages.
This branch still maintains the. The diffusion of Christianity involves relocation diffusion and expansion diffusion. The religion diffused from it’s hearth, Palestine through Missionaries to the Roman Empire.
The Spread of Christianity during A. Find this Pin and more on church history by Rosemary Hornbrook. See more. Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, and.
Diffusion of Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Neo-Confucianism led to significant changes in Gender and family structure. Diffusion of Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Neo-Confucianism Religion spread through trade, wars, and other various reasons during the Post-Classical Era it helped change.
Buddhism developed in India during the life of in the Buddha in the 4th century B.C., but it took more than 1, years before it became the major force it is in Asia today. The Indian Emperor Asoka sent out Buddhist missionaries to southeast Asia and the Middle East in the 3rd century B.C., but it.Download